Sheep were among the first animals domesticated. Evidence discovered in an archeological site in Iran suggests that breeding sheep for their wool had begun over 6000 years ago.
Sheep originated from originated from the wild sheep variety called "mouflon." Mouflon live in the mountains of European and Asian countries. The mouflon is reddish brown in color with a dark stripe along the back and light or white coloring on its belly and legs. The sheep we see today look strikingly like the animals illustrated in Mesopotamian and Babylonian art and books in 3,000 B.C.
These wolly clusters of camp followers are prized mainly for their wool types, but some breeds are raised for meat. The meat of an adult sheep is called mutton. Young sheep are referred to as lambs. There are over 200 distinct breeds of sheep each producing distinctive types and quality of wool fibers which are used to make clothing and other fabrics. Because sheep were first domesticated in Iran, it should be no surprise that the invention of the Spinning Wheel came from Baghdad, undoubtedly as a method of processing sheared wool into thread. Today artisans and manufacturers alike continue to weave clothing and other fabrics, such as rugs and blankets from wool sheared from these invaluable beasts.
Sheep and Lamb Ornaments
Sheep commonly appear in folk art along side other important domesticated animals such as cows and chickens. Sheep are among the first animals that were domesticated for food and clothing purposes after humans transitioned from hunting and gathering into agricultural societies.
The hair and skin of sheep is called wool or fleece and was among the first textiles used to make clothing, footwear and rugs and many more products. Meat from sheep is called lamb when it is from younger animals and hogget or mutton when it is from older sheep. Milk from sheep is used for cheese and yogurt making primarily.
Sheep appear in traditional stories and nursery rhymes such as, Little Bo Peep, Baa, Baa, Black Sheep, and Mary Had a Little Lamb. In Ancient Egypt, the ram symbolized several gods: Khnum, Heryshaf and Amun. Aries, the ram, is the first sign in the astrological Greek zodiac. The sheep also is associated with the 12-year cycle of in the Chinese zodiac. In English language male sheep are often used as symbols of virility and power, however, to call someone a sheep can imply timidity or stupidity.
Folk and Peasant Sheep
In the Christian religion, followers are commonly referred to as a flock. In fact, the word for a pastor or church leader, is derived from the Latin word for shepherd.
Materials To Keep On Hand
Paper Trivia: Did you know that you can only fold a sheet of printer paper in half seven times? Give it a try. It doesn't matter how thick or thin the paper is, once you get to the seventh fold, the paper will not bend or budge.
Sun catchers. To create a translucent, stained glass ornaments effect, apply a bit of lemon oil to the back sides of paper ornaments to create a.
Hang the ornaments on trees, in windows, anywhere bright colorful decorations are desired.
Construct a large paper-tree for the wall with shades of green construction paper. Draw a large tree on a sheet of easel pad paper to tack onto a wall or other flat surface, then decorate with paper ornaments.
- Types of Paper:
- Construction - many colors
- Copier - many colors
- Cardstock - many colors
- Paper tubes - TP tissue, paper towel and gift-wrap
- Foam craft sheets - many colors
- Magnet sheets - Make refrigerator magnets
- Stiff Stencil - Paint repeating patterns on items, embroidery, latch-hook rug patterns
- Felt sheets - Make filled or layered ornaments
- Some Mediums & Tools to keep handy for the creative process.
- Colorful Markers - fine to thick point
- Wax Crayons - stock up around school sales
- Water color sets - and plastic tablecloths
- Chalk - many colors
- Colored pencils - many colors
- Tempura finger paints - primary colors - mixing to discover is half the fun
- Paint brushes - fine tip to standard school size child's brush size at least.
- Straws - paper not plastic
- Tooth picks - age appropriate
- Sponges - cut into shapes or purchase for blotting paint shapes
- Needlepoint, embroidery thread and stretcher hoops
- Puffy paint and glitter - to draw words, images and shapes on cloth
- Wine corks
- Celluclay - A handy pulverized paper product that resembles clay for paper mache'
- Modeling clay - reusable, come in colors, good for making molds
- Pottery clay - Only if you expect to use a kiln
- Silicon molds and release spray
- Wooden shapes - to paint for ornaments and gifts
- Decal sheets for window decals
- Cloth scrap pieces left overs from sewing
- Clay modeling tools - ll sorts, combs, forks, dental picks, anything to make interesting cuts and patterns
- Plain tee shirts